Hydrothermal preparation of carbonaceous material from biomass. Study of applicatiions as porous materials and energy carriers.
Objetivos, atividades e resultados esperados/atingidos
This project aims to study the hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of different lignocellulosic residues from different points of view:
1) Understanding the mechanism of transformation on various types of biomass into carbon materials via solid and liquid state NMR, HPLC-MS, electronic microscopy and other techniques in order to choose the optimal reaction parameters
2) Determining the CO2 binding efficiency upon transformation of plant material into carbon, for different biomass species.
3) Preparation of biomass derived porous carbon materials to be used in adsorption applications. The influence of reaction conditions and biomass type on the porous structure as well as on the adsorptive characteristics of the materials will be investigated.
4) In addition to the sorption properties of the resulting carbon materials, also applications in the field of energy storage (mainly as electrode materials in Li ion batteries and supercapacitors)